by Mali Bedolla

A 15-16 year old female skeleton was found in 2007 inside Mexico’s peninsula. Researchers named the skeleton “Naia.” Naia is approximately 13,000 years old. She is one of the oldest skeletons and one of the most complete skeletons found. Her skull is interesting because its shape is of the Native Africans more commonly found in Africa and Australia. How would she travel to Southern America then? The Bering land bridge, which was connected to asia and America making it a possible travel through what we know as the continents. The Kennewick man is known as a skeletal piece that lived in the prehistoric times found near Columbia River in Kennewick, Washington around July 28, 1996. Kennewick is another one of the most complete outdated skeletons pieced together. Scientists tested the bone to see how old Kennewick was, traced back to between 7300 and 7600 B.C. His cultural link between anyone is still under study.

The Bering land bridge is around 12,000 years old. Which is the time of the last ice age. Along with other discovered skeletons, like Naia, found around the world there’s Lucy. Who is estimated to be 3.2 million years old. Lucy was found on Nov 24,1974 in Ethiopia. Lucy is a hominid species with a small skull capacity which is very close to the apes. Ardipithecus ramidis “Ardi” which is a human-like species discovered in 1994 at Arir badlands, Ethiopia. Ardi is a homininae which is the sub family of humans, gorillas, chimpanzees and bonobos.

Cave painting is another way we can study and learn more about early human life. A famous cave painting is named “Cueva de las Manos” meaning “Cave of Hands.” located in Santa Cruz, Argentina. This painting is between 9,000 and 13,000 years old, from about 7300 BC. Cave of hands is pretty cool and explanatory. The painting of hands in different colors such as brown, red and even white alongside the cave wall. There are other paintings as well with painting of animals and people, sometimes doing actions in the painting too.

Another finding is Paleobotany.
Paleobotany is a fossilized fragment or indentation of a plant inside a rock where the plant has remained there for a period of time. Paleobotany is common in museums and historical teaching facilities among plant imprints, we have found petrified wood and objects found in amber. There has been a discovery of a 13,000 year old coprolites in Oregon’s paisley caves by Dennis Jenkins. Coprolites is fossilized poop. Sounds gross, but it’s helpful for us to know what was once in people’s diets, and be able to compare DNA from then to modern civilization.

It’s very interesting to know how humans once behaved and how they developed over time. We can find that all out by testing DNA and comparing objects to one another. It’s also how we adapt learning the history of people and their mistakes. Forming theories is always good, but to know is what answers the question.